Energy in New Hampshire

Energy is a part of every aspect of modern life: electricity, transportation, communication, heating and cooling, even access to clean drinking water.

Electric Generation

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), over half of New Hampshire's electricity generation is from nuclear energy. Approximately 25% is generated by natural gas while 7% is generated by hydropower, 6% is produced by biomass, 3% is wind, 1.6% coal and about 1% from solar.

New Hampshire electric prices are the fifth-highest among the Lower 48 states.  On average, each New Hampshire resident spent $4,078 on energy in 2019.


According to the 2019 American Community Survey from the US Census Bureau, New Hampshire remains reliant on oil as a source of home heating. New Hampshire ranks second in the nation in oil heating per capita, with 42% of New Hampshire citizens using oil as their primary source of heat in 2019. 6% of New Hampshire households also rely on wood as a primary source of home heating. Based on other data available, roughly 20% of those classified under 'Electric Heat' use heat pumps, roughly 2% of statewide total.  Correspondingly, New Hampshire has a much lower share of households using natural gas and electricity for heating than the national average.


According to the EIA, transportation accounts for just under a third of the total end use of energy in New Hampshire. Gasoline and diesel are the dominate fuel source for transportation in New Hampshire. The state consumes roughly 741 million gallons of gasoline per year, and 103 million gallons of diesel per year.

Electric Vehicles are increasing in popularity driven by several factors including increased federal government spending on EV charging infrastructure, actions taken by domestic and foreign vehicle manufacturers, and attractive tax incentives.

The Department of Energy participates in the regulation of electricity, natural gas, and water & sewer utilities. Other energy information resources can be found on the Energy Information Resources page.